“Synthesizing is like putting a puzzle together. You have to sort out your thinking and put it in the right place.”
Information Organization: An overview
• Step 5 of the research process (Big 6) involves organization.
• Many elements contribute to effective organization of information
The importance of effective Organization of Information
• Information must be organized logically to communicate the intended message effectively.
• Effectively organized information allows people to understood
• Well organized information in professional reports and presentations will contribute to the success of organization.
• Material that is organized in a logical and meaningful fashion is more readily used and applied than disorganized data/information/document
• By organizing information systematically, people will maximize the opportunity for audience to receive an accurate message.
• Organization by Category or Concept
Ø Separate ideas combine to produce a concept must be understood individually before their synthesis makes sense.
Ø Organization by concept also is effective when constructinga case to support premise.
Ø A variation on organization by concept is to begin with a major concept and break it down into the elements that form the central idea.
Ø Organization by concept uses analysis of a concept by breaking it down into its respective parts.
• Chronological Organization
Ø Organization according to time, called chronological organization.
Ø is used when the sequence of events influences an outcome.
Ø Chronological organization of information is necessary for a sequence of events to make sense and explain an outcome.
Ø Certain information that is organized chronologically involves transition from one phase to the next.
• Hierarchical Organization
Ø is used when information is best conveyed in a specific order.
Ø from most to least important or from least complex to most complex.
• Alphabetical Organization
Ø Example : Dictionaries and telephone dictionaries
Ø Glossaries and directories- alphabetical organization is effective and appropriate.
Ø Presenting the information alphabetically is a method of organization that does not imply any type of order based on any attribute and characteristics.
Organizing Graphic for Presentation
Graphics- figures, tables, charts- must be appropriate to the content of your document or presentation and accurately convey the message you sending.
• The reader can easily understand the graphic.
• The graphic elaborates on the information in the documents.
• The image is selected for its ability to convey an accurate.
• A table, chart, or graphic is able to stand alone.
• A table or chart simplifies information.
• An effective graphic is as simple as possible.
• Data are presented in relationship to a context.
• Pictures or cartoons illustrate ideas in the text.
Summarizing vs. Synthesizing
• Summarizing is identifying key points and organizing thoughts, a listing of the parts. Summarizing usually occurs at the end.
• Synthesizing is the creation of a whole. It goes on throughout the process of reading—not just at the end. It is bringing together different ideas and facts and weaving them together into a tapestry, something much larger than all the threads.